Scaling and Root Planing
One of the first treatment methods used to combat gum disease is scaling and root planing. This deep cleaning procedure is used to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, especially when they are found under the gum line. Plaque and tartar are responsible for gum inflammation and a variety of other problems, so it is important to treat the issue thoroughly.
Scaling focuses on removing plague and tartar along the root and below the gum line. An ultrasonic scaling tool is used, and it includes an irrigation process that delivers antimicrobial agents to reduce bacteria.
Root planing is often done along with scaling. It involves removing cementum and surface dentin that might be housing unwanted microorganisms, tartar, and toxins. The root will be smoothed down in order to promote healing, and this also helps with preventing bacteria from colonizing there in the future.
Advantages of Scaling & Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are helpful in preventing disease, as the bacteria from gum infections can travel through the blood to affect other parts of the body. The procedure also protects from tooth loss, especially when deep pockets have formed between the teeth and the gums.